A bunion is an enlargement of the joint at the base of the first toe, or hallux. The medical name for a bunion is hallux valgus. A large bump forms at the joint, and the first toe drifts toward the outside of the foot, causing a deformity. Initially, the bunion may not be painful, but pain and swelling can develop over time, particularly if the joint becomes arthritic. Bunions tend to form as a result of abnormal foot posture, which leads to instability of the joint. Although wearing shoes that crowd the toes won’t actually cause bunions, it sometimes makes the deformity get progressively worse. Symptoms may therefore appear sooner. A bunion looks like a "bump" on the joint of the big toe; however, these bumps are not calluses. Instead they result from the bones in your foot becoming misaligned. More often than not, the big toe is leaning inward towards the middle toe giving the appearance of a bump on the joint. Bunions are a progressive disease that warrants treatment by a Boston podiatry specialist or foot doctor early on. read more Apply a moisturizer such as flexitol heel balm twice daily to hard skin or corns and use a pumice stone to reduce the thickness of the hard skin. Of course prevention is the best medicine. Dancers should be encouraged to avoid "winging," where the feet are forced outward from the ankles toward the fifth toe in a winger formation. This extra pressure can contribute to bunions over time. Also, dancers must put the center of their foot inline with the midpoint of the ankle and the leg to prevent winging. Use a splint at night to correct the bone abnormality causing your bunion. Night splints are more effective for removing bunions and permanently altering the position of the toe in adolescents than in adults. Step 3 I had both of my feet operated on 10 years ago at age 33 for severe arthritis caused by a combination of improper gait mechanics, lots of hard miles as a collegiate and post collegiate runner, and the negative influence of new trends in footwear such as elevated heels and crash pads. The foot instability this created and greater impact in the great toe joint caused this joint to deteriorate. I had the joints fused in both feet and instead of taking the standard doctor’s advice of not running anymore, I chose to relearn how to run. Read my story here on zero-drop.com. Orthotics, custom orthopedic foot supports, can help with mild hammer toes and bunions. They aren't a cure, but orthotics can make certain types of shoes more comfortable. Orthotics may slow down or perhaps prevent the progression of bunions and hammer toes. However, once the hammer toes and bunions become too large or severe an orthotic becomes just another thing occupying space in a crowded shoe. How does the nursery rhyme go? There was an old lady living in a shoe with so many hammer toes and bunions she didn't know what to do. Results show the prevalence of bunions, lesser toe deformities and plantar soft tissue atrophy was 31%, 30% and 28%, respectively. Hallux valgus and lesser toe deformity, two of the most common structural foot disorders that affect up to half of older adults in the U.S. and Europe, were found to be highly heritable depending on age and sex. The team reports that plantar soft tissue atrophy did not demonstrate significant heritability in the study cohort. Examnine the whole foot, looking at the overall shape. Hallux valgus is commoner in flat or neutral feet. Metatarsus adductus makes it more difficult to correct hallux valgus. Plastic surgery is a sort of cosmetic surgery which is very often used by people. Plastic surgery is the surgery which is used by surgeons for the reduction of skin from nay portion of the body. This form of surgery is mainly concerned with the reduction or correction of the functioning of the body. Plastic surgery may be in the form of the micro surgery, hand surgery or even the surgery can take place in the form of reconstructive surgery. read more Calendula can be purchased as a salve or tincture and applied directly to the bunion. It is also good for bruises, cuts, scrapes and inflammation. Occasionally there are special indications. If the distal phalanx of the great toe is angled to lateral (hallux valgus interphalangeus), osteotomy of the proximal phalanx with removal of a medial-based wedge is required (generally in addition to one of the procedures described above) ( 8 ). Absolutely accurate restoration of the angle is not possible, but if the wedge has a base of 1 to 3 mm the correction is usually adequate. Complicated and costly implants (staples, screws) are available, but adequate fixation can be achieved with a simple, inexpensive suture threaded through drill holes. Orthopedic shoes are different than regular shoes. The heel is low in these shoes, allowing the bones of the feet to better align properly. They can provide firm support for the heel as well. Orthopedic shoes are usually created to be wider than the average shoe, especially in the toe area, which is great for bunion sufferers. These shoes often don't have seams on the inside of the shoe; a great idea because seams can rub against different areas of the foot and cause blisters or open areas which can get infected.